Mary Allen West towers above Galesburg, equally figuratively and basically. In spite of remaining useless about 125 several years, Mary Allen West is nevertheless just one of the best-remembered names in Galesburg’s record, and at 121 W. Simmons St., a 14-story tower of 154 apartments bears the woman’s title.
Credited on Wikipedia as a “journalist, editor, educator, philanthropist, superintendent of educational facilities and temperance employee,” West was definitely Galesburg’s first daughter, born in the Log City settlement in the summer season of 1837. Her father was Nehemiah West, the guy who did much more than any other person to guarantee the founding of Galesburg and Knox College or university.
She was taught by another member of Galesburg’s instructional foundation, Dr. George Churchill. At age 13, Mary passed the test that would allow her entry into Knox Seminary. She ended up graduating from Knox in 1855 when she was only 17 years previous. Immediately after graduation she jumped into instructing, together with at Knox Academy for several years.
Mary Allen West grew up in an ambiance of abolitionist beliefs, as her father was an energetic worker on the Underground Railroad, assisting slaves who have been moving towards liberty.
“In the early a long time of the (Civil) War,” examine a Galesburg newspaper immediately after her loss of life, “great figures of coloured people flocked to Galesburg and Miss West volunteered to teach them.”
“Thus there became set up below a coloured faculty and her pupils ranged from six to 30-six decades of age. She did a grand and noble operate amongst them and the movement as a result begun did not terminate till the Board of Instruction gave the coloured kids a place in the regular faculties of the city.”
This was not her only company. Through the war, she worked to enable treatment for the unwell and wounded troopers of Galesburg, her operate getting identified by a member of Abraham Lincoln’s cabinet, Legal professional Typical Edward Bates.
Bates signed a photograph of himself for her, addressing it “to the finest girl at the Galesburg reasonable.”
As a result of her do the job, despite not trying to find a nomination, she was elected County Superintendent of Educational facilities in 1873. She served at the submit till 1882. She gained even much more recognition for her work in that purpose, but her existence also experienced yet another goal.
In 1874, the Women’s Christian Temperance Union was fashioned, and West took on a purpose from the beginning, crusading regionally. She would pour herself into the fight versus saloons and alcohol and grew to become the president of the Illinois W.C.T.U.
All through her time in Galesburg, she supplied a column of school news for the Galesburg Republican-Register and she later became the editor for The Union Signal, the national paper of the W.T.C.U., which led her to go to Chicago.
In 1888, West experienced a reserve released, “Childhood: Its Treatment and Lifestyle.”
Chicago evidently was never a metropolis she beloved like her hometown.
In 1893, a ebook titled “Leading American Girls in All Walks of Life” was released, that contains countless numbers of quick biographical sketches of American gals in background, including Mary Allen West.
“She has no appreciate for metropolis everyday living. Its hurry and its roar tire her brain its squalor, poverty, degradation and criminal offense appall her. She has an unusual potential for vicarious suffering. The woes of other folks are her woes, the know-how of injustice or cruelty wrings her coronary heart.”
The sketch continued, “her heart is in her Galesburg property, the household of her childhood and youth, and when she lets herself a holiday, it is to commit a couple times with the property people, who are, notwithstanding all her public pursuits, the heart of the universe to her.”
On Jan. 1, 1892, the year she turned 55, she embarked on a missionary about-the-earth tour, which led to her sailing from Vancouver to Japan on Aug. 31.
There she “spoke 4 or 5 periods a day in the passions of the temperance movement amid the Japanese women of all ages, who were being eager to hear her and understand American tips,” examine the papers right after her demise.
In was in Japan that Mary Allen West died on Dec. 1, 1892.
Lila C. Winn wrote of West’s illness and demise.
“From the extremely to start with her signs or symptoms ended up quite grave, I assumed, and when I located that she would not react to any remedy that I could give her I turned thoroughly alarmed. Of system, I did not let her know how nervous I was, but I assume she realized very nicely she was significantly unwell. She experienced been overexerting herself for some time past and experienced no reserve pressure with which to resist sickness.”
It was 3 a.m. on the morning of Jan. 15, 1893, when the system of Mary Allen West arrived in Galesburg. She came in a zinc box and several layers of boxes together with hundreds of kilos of sawdust.
The funeral was held the upcoming working day in the First Church, and she was buried in Hope Cemetery.
For more than 50 several years, Mary Allen West Faculty stood on Simmons Road, but in 1977 was torn down and the new tower, meant as lower-income housing for the elderly, was built.
Talbot Fisher is weekend reporter for The Register-Mail. This weekly column appears to be like at how the streets, parks, buildings and other web pages of Galesburg acquired their names. Contact him at [email protected] follow him on twitter at @TalbotFisher16.